Dr.Rachana H.V. | Ayurvedalya, ISRO Layout
Pregnancy is a pleasing milestone in a woman’s life. The woman has to greet many unfamiliar changes that the pregnancy brings as a natural move. Everyone expects the process to proceed smoothly. The pregnant woman experiences great pleasure in making all efforts to see that the life in her womb is being nourished properly. Meanwhile, role to provide her enough care – nutritionally, psychologically and all-round health wise – is being fulfilled with a systematic health checkup throughout the course of pregnancy coined as Garbhini paricharya in Ayurveda. Garbhini paricharya described here is a well developed branch of antenatal nursing of “Ayurveda”.
The following Paricharya or Regimen has to be followed by pregnant women from 1st month to 9th month as mentioned in Ayurveda.
During first trimester of pregnancy most women experience nausea and vomiting, thus cannot take proper diet. Use of cold, sweet liquid diet and milk, mentioned in our classics will prevent dehydration and supply required nourishment, besides the drugs of madhura group being anabolic will help in maintenance of proper health of mother and fetus.
4th & 5th Month:
Fourth month on-wards muscular tissue of fetus grows sufficiently requiring more protein which is supplied by use of meat soup. That may be the reason in texts they have mentioned Mamsa rasa i.e Meat soup.
6th & 7th Month:
By the end of second trimester most women suffer from oedema of feet and other complications of water accumulation. Use of Gokshura a good diuretic in sixth month will prevent retention of water as well as its complications.
8th & 9th Month:
Most women experience constipation in late pregnancy due pressure of gravid uterus over the bowels and effect of progesterone. Use of Basthi (enema) will relieve this constipation. Yoni Pichu (Tampon of oil) soften vaginal passage thus helps in normal labour.
Describing the benefits of this dietic regimen for the women having normal development of fetus , delivers a child possessing good health , energy, voice, compactness and much superior to other family members.
Factors harmful to fetus explained in our classics are-
1. Utkada vishama Katina asanam : sitting on hard, abnormal positions.
2. Vega dharanam : suppression of the urge for defecation, urination and flatus. Vega dharanam is harmful to the fetus in uterus because the presentation can become abnormal or engagement of presenting part delayed.
3. Daruna anuchita vyayama : improper excessive exercise.
4. Teekshna ushna atisevana : use of pungent, hot food. All these may cause intra uterine death of the fetus, premature delivery, abortion or missed abortion.
5. Abhigata, prapeedana, koopaprapata, deshaavalokanam : trauma, pressure over garbhasaya, looking into deep well should be avoided.
6. Sankshobhayanam : Riding in jerking vehicles or through uneven roads with pits etc. All these are causative factor for premature delivery or abortion or if after ninth month, difficult labour.
7. A pregnant woman who is athivyavaya (over indulgence in sex) may deliver a deformed or feminine characterized boy.
8. Always distressed or grieved garbhini may give birth to a short-lived, child with abnormal digestive power.
9. Over sleepy woman will have sleepy, ignorant child.
10. Who eats fish daily : such a woman gives birth to a child with blinking eyes, defects in movements of eyes.
11. Over usage of madhura rasa (Sweet) cause diabetes in child and makes it obese and dumb.
12. Use of sour food- cause skin and eye disorders child.
13. Excessive use of saltish food and pickles cause early wrinkling, greying of hair and baldness.
14. Excessive use of katurasa (Hot and Spicy food) : child will be weak, deficient in sukra (Semen) and maybe infertile.
15. Excessive use of tikta kashaya rasa (Bitter and pungent) : cause digestive complaints, anaha (flatulence) and weakness of body.
Ayurveda says that the pregnant women desirous of producing healthy child should give up non congenial diet and mode of life and protect her by doing good conduct and using congenial diets and mode of life.